Home > Reading 1 (Mr. Sha'abani) > Summary (A spark, a flint: How fire leapt to life)

Summary (A spark, a flint: How fire leapt to life)


A little late, but still!!

In the Name of God

Name: Reza Takhashid

Class: Reading 01

Assignment: Summary (A spark, a flint: How fire leapt to life)

It is thought that before man was granted the power to control fire, probably by accident, it was stored and guarded for future use. Studies show the use of friction and also different methods of concentrating the sunlight as the earliest methods of making fire.

Percussion methods date back to the stone ages, when some tool-makers noticed the spark from chipping flints. This method became more efficient by the discovery of metal. Striking quarts against iron pyrites or porcelain against bamboo were used in different areas but in Europe use of Steel, flint and tinder were the major method of lighting fire until the mid 19th century. With the discovery of phosphorus came revolutionary yet dangerous and expensive fire-lighting techniques such as, the Ethereal match and phosphoric candle.

Starting 1827 matches became similar to those which we use now. John walker was the first to approach this method of match making. And 3 years later S. Jones copied his idea and marketed “Lucifers”. About the same time Souria made the first “strike-anywhere” matches by using potassium chlorate instead of phosphorus. But because this substance was very toxic it was banned after 1906. And finally by the discovery of red-phosphorus, non-toxic safety matches were commercialized.

Even that Americans fell behind on the match making technology, they can be proud of several fresh accomplishments down this road. Among them we can name: book matches which became successful after 1896 when a brewery advertised on them. And other innovations such as matches which wouldn’t smolder after they were blown out, and the water proof matches.

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  1. Payaam
    January 8, 2010 at 10:39 pm

    Informative but frankly, we have no feelings for the subject and this fact predisposes the text to become boring(as you may have realized it from the number of the comments).
    I suggest you to utilize your sense of creativity in such contexts and put your point of view throughout the text or turn the documentary theme into an interesting story.

  2. Rez(A)
    January 8, 2010 at 11:08 pm

    its a class work! i must only summarize! so …
    be happy that you didn’t have to read the original text!!

  3. Payaam
    January 8, 2010 at 11:10 pm

    ouch !

  4. love chemistry
    November 19, 2010 at 2:04 am

    i think its not boring .people until today dont know what matches contain, how they burn…just by simply bringing red P to oxigen…

  5. November 25, 2013 at 7:27 pm

    so good

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